Neurobiology of Alcohol Dependence PMC

Psychologists who are trained and experienced in treating alcohol problems can be helpful in many ways. Before the drinker seeks assistance, a psychologist can guide the family or others in helping to increase the drinker’s motivation to change. For clinical and research purposes, formal diagnostic criteria for alcoholism also have been developed. Such criteria are … Continuar

Relapse dynamics during smoking cessation: Recurrent abstinence violation effects and lapse-relapse progression PMC

Unfortunately, a single lapse can cause you to fall into a full relapse because of something called the abstinence violation effect (AVE). It is not necessarily a failure of self-control nor a permanent failure to abstain from using a substance of abuse. Those in addiction abstinence violation effect treatment or contemplating treatment can benefit from … Continuar